Space Race Timeline: 1949 - Albert II, was the first monkey to go into space in an American V2 rocket on 14th June, 1949.

Space Race Timeline: 1957 - October 4, 1957: USSR launch Sputnik, the world's first artificial satellite that orbited Earth every 96 minutes

Space Race Timeline: 1957 - November 4, 1957:  USSR launch Sputnik 2 into space with Laika the dog aboard

Space Race Timeline: 1957 - December 6, 1957: USA Vanguard Failure. America's first satellite fails in a launch pad explosion

Space Race Timeline: 1958 - January 31, 1958: USA Explorer Satellite success - America's first satellite launched into space

Space Race Timeline: 1958 - October 1, 1958: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) was established

Space Race Timeline: 1958 - October 11, 1958: The first spacecraft launched by NASA was Pioneer 1 at Cape Canaveral, Florida.

Space Race Timeline: 1959 - USA initiates a new space program, Project Mercury (1959-1963) to orbit a manned spacecraft around Earth. The Mercury Seven were John Glenn Jr., Gus Grissom, Scott Carpenter, Leroy Gordon Cooper, Walter Schirra, Alan Shepard and Donald "Deke" Slayton.

Space Race Timeline: 1959 - October 4, 1959: USSR sent the first spacecraft, Luna 3, around the moon

Space Race Timeline: 1959 - USA abandoned Project A119 aimed at detonating a nuclear weapon on the Moon that would be visible to the naked eye

Space Race Timeline: 1960 - August 18, 1960: USA Corona Spy Satellite - successful recovery of photographs from space

Space Race Timeline: 1961 - April 1, 1961: USSR sent First Man into Space in Vostok I spacecraft (Soviet Cosmonaut, Yuri Gagarin)

Space Race Timeline: 1961 - May 5, 1961: Alan Shepherd became the first American, to travel into space on Freedom 7

Space Race Timeline: 1961 - July 21, 1961: Gus Grissom was the second American to travel into space the spacecraft Liberty Bell 7.

Space Race Timeline: 1961 - February 20, 1962: John Glenn flew in Friendship 7

Space Race Timeline: 1961 - May 24, 1962: Scott Carpenter flew in Aurora 7.

Space Race Timeline: 1961 - May 25, 1961: US President Kennedy announces goal to reach the Moon

Space Race Timeline: 1962 - October 3, 1962: Walter Schirra flew in the Sigma 7.

Space Race Timeline: 1962 - February 20, 1962: USA launches Friendship 7 and John Glenn becomes the first US astronaut to circle the Earth

Space Race Timeline: 1962 - April 1962: USSR launches Zenit Spy Satellite, takes photographs above the USA

Space Race Timeline: 1962 - July 10 1962: The first of the Telstar privately built communications satellites was launched transmitting the first telephone and television signals carried via satellite

Space Race Timeline: 1963 - May 15-16, 1963: Gordon Cooper piloted the longest and final Mercury spaceflight on the Faith 7

Space Race Timeline: 1963 - 16 June 1963: USSR launch Vostok 6 sending Valentina Tereshkova as the first woman in space

Space Race Timeline: 1965 - March 1965: USSR First Spacewalk by Aleksei Leonov.

Space Race Timeline: 1965 - June 3-7, 1965: Astronaut Edward H. White II piloted the second operational Gemini mission and performed the first spacewalk by an American.

Space Race Timeline: 1966 - The US robot spaceship, Surveyor 1, made a soft landing on the Moon

Space Race Timeline: 1966 - March 16, 1966:  The Gemini project saw Neil A. Armstrong and David Scott perform the first orbital docking, successfully coupling two spacecraft.

Space Race Timeline: 1967 - January 27, 1967: Gus Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee were killed taking part in a test run for the launch of the first NASA Apollo mission. As a result of this disaster the Apollo program was delayed until the spacecraft could be redesigned.

Space Race Timeline: 1967 - The Outer Space Treaty was signed in January 1967 forming the basis of international space law and banned placing weapons of mass destruction in outer space.

Space Race Timeline: 1968 - December 21, 1968: USA launched the Apollo 8 Manned Moon Orbit of the Gemini program

Space Race Timeline: 1969 - February 1969: USSR N-1 Failed Moon Rocket Test

Space Race Timeline: 1969 - July 16, 1969: USA places First Man on the Moon. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin in Apollo 11 lunar module land on the Moon with Michael Collins as the third crew member.

Space Race Timeline: 1969 - 14-24 November 1969: Charles Conrad, Richard Gordon, and Alan Bean in Apollo 12 were the second mission to land on the Moon

Space Race Timeline: 1970 - April 11-17,1970: Apollo 13 Astronauts James A. Lovell, John L. "Jack" Swigert and Fred W. Haise survived one of the near disasters of the Apollo program

Space Race Timeline: 1970 - April 23, 1971: USSR establishes the first Space Station, Salyut 1

Space Race Timeline: 1971 - January 31- February 9, 1971: Apollo 14 with astronauts Alan Shepard, Edgar Mitchell and Stuart Roosa land on the moon

Space Race Timeline: 1971 - 26 July 26 - August 7 1971: Apollo 15 with astronauts David R. Scott, Alfred M. Worden and James B. Irwin land on the moon

Space Race Timeline: 1971 - November 14, 1971: USA sends the first satellite to orbit another planet

Space Race Timeline: 1972 - April 16-27, 1972: Apollo 16 with astronauts John Young, Thomas Mattingly II, and Charles Duke make the fifth US landing on the moon

Space Race Timeline: 1972 - December 7-19 1972: Apollo 17 with astronauts Eugene Cernan, Ronald Evans, and Harrison Schmitt make a moon landing in the final mission of NASA's Apollo program.

Space Race Timeline: 1973 - Russian space probe Mars 2 explored Mars, the fourth planet of the solar system.

Space Race Timeline: 1973 - May 14, 1973: The US launched their own space station called Skylab, a small orbital space platform that was launched by the modified Saturn V rocket.

Space Race Timeline: 1975 - Relationships between the USSR and the USA thawed due to the policy of Detente and the 1975 Apollo–Soyuz Test Project (ASTP) initiated the first joint U.S.–Soviet space flight in which the two sides cooperated in scientific research of space.

Space Race Timeline: 1975 - July 15-24, 1975: The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project entailed the docking of an American Apollo Command Module (CSM) with a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft. The Apollo crew consisted of Tom Stafford, Vance Brand, and Deke Slayton. The Soyuz crew were Alexey Leonov and Valeri Kubasov.

Space Race Timeline: 1975 - The USA / USSR First joint multi-national manned missions in the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project ended the Cold War Space Race.

*American-Historama